Welcome to Cuyahoga Connections, Volume Six

Cuyahoga Connections Volume six commemorates Black History Month and encourages us to learn about the many individuals who worked for positive change in the United States.

Don’t forget to reach out to us with questions, comments or to share your experiences and completed journals by sending an email to connect@forcvnp.org or tagging #forCVNP on your social media posts!

Recommended Reading

Lift Your Light a Little Higher takes you on a journey with Stephen Bishop into the depths of Mammoth Cave. Bishop is a guide, an explorer and an enslaved person. Sold with the land, Bishop was known for his eloquence, intelligence and deep knowledge of the cave. First to discover eyeless fish, cross the chasm known as the “Bottomless Pit” and map miles of the cave, Bishop’s work remains the foundation for much of what we know about the cave.

“Stephen was a self-educated man. He had a fine genius, a great fund of wit and humor, some little knowledge of Latin and Greek, and much knowledge of geology, but his great talent was a knowledge of man.” Franklin Gorin, enslaver of Stephen Bishop at the time of Bishop’s death.

Created by the slow dissolution of limestone by groundwater, Mammoth Cave has been attracting tourists since around 1816. Authorized as a national park in 1926 and fully established in 1941, over 365 miles of the cave has been surveyed. Scientists believe that there may be more than 600 miles yet to discover. If you visit the park today you can enjoy a cave tour along with hiking, biking and kayaking.

Written by the flame of a candle, Stephen Bishop left his name on the ceiling of the cave. What would you leave behind to let the world know you were here?


Journal About It!

Have you heard of the Buffalo Soldiers? Who were they, and how did they change the course of history? As you make your way through journal 6, you’ll learn about the nation’s first park rangers – and the tough lives they led. What was life like for a Buffalo Soldier, and how can we learn from history to create a better future?

Journal 6

Send your completed journal to us connect@forcvnp.org or post photos online and tagging us #forCVNP

Download the journal here

Additional Activities: Charles Young site-themed crossword puzzles, coloring pages and Jr. Ranger activities for kids to earn their Charles Young Jr ranger badge can be found here: https://www.nps.gov/chyo/learn/kidsyouth/index.htm

cartoon drawing of cuyahoga connections volume 6 journal


In honor of Black History Month, take some time to learn more and explore other National Park Service sites that memorialize Black History! Below are links to 3 different NPS sites that are dedicated to this topic. We encourage you to learn more about these sites & explore using the links below.

Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site

“Mary McLeod Bethune achieved her greatest recognition at the Washington, DC townhouse that is now this National Historic Site. The Council House was the first headquarters of the National Council of Negro Women (NCNW) and was Bethune’s last home in Washington, DC. From here, Bethune and the NCNW spearheaded strategies and developed programs that advanced the interests of African American women.”

Throughout her lifetime Bethune was an educator, civil rights champion, a leader of women & presidential advisor.

Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service) (nps.gov)

Freedom Riders National Monument

“In the spring of 1961, a small interracial band of “Freedom Riders” set out to challenge discriminatory state laws and local customs that required a separation of the races on buses and in bus station facilities, like waiting areas, lunch counters, and restrooms….Although only thirteen Freedom Riders started the journey, they inspired hundreds of others to join their cause.”

Freedom Riders National Monument (U.S. National Park Service) (nps.gov)

African Burial Ground National Monument – New York City, New York

African Burial Ground is the oldest and largest known excavated burial ground in North America for both free and enslaved Africans. It protects the historic role slavery played in building New York.

African Burial Ground National Monument (U.S. National Park Service) (nps.gov)


After you’ve done some learning and exploring, share something you learned with us at connect@forcvnp.org.